World Intellectual Property Indicators

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World Intellectual Property Indicators is an annual report published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), providing a wide range of indicators covering the areas of intellectual property.[1] It draws on data from national and regional IP offices, the WIPO, the World Bank, and UNESCO. The WIPO have published the reports annually since 2009.[2][3]

Patents[edit]

Countries[edit]

Patent applications for the top 20 offices[4][5][6][edit]

Country 2019 Rank 2019 Patent applications 2018 Rank [7] 2018 Patent applications[7]
 China 1 1400661 1 1,542,002
 U.S. 2 621453 2 597,141
 Japan 3 307969 3 313,567
 South Korea 4 218975 4 209,992
European Patent Office 5 181479 5 174,397
 Germany 6 67434 6 67,898
 India 7 53627 7 50,055
 Russian Federation 9 35511 8 37,957
 Canada 8 36488 9 36,161
 Australia 10 29758 10 29,957
 Brazil 11 25396 11 24,857
 United Kingdom 12 19250 12 20,941
 Mexico 14 15941 13 16,424
 France 15 15869 14 16,222 1
China, Hong Kong SAR 13 16532 15 15,986
 Iran 17 12147 16 12,823
 Singapore 16 14136 17 11,845
 Italy 19 10127 18 9,821
 Indonesia 18 11481 19 9,754
 Thailand 20 8172 20 8,149

Patent grants for the top 20 offices[8][5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Patent grants 2019 Rank 2018 Patent grants 2018
 China 1 452804 1 432,147
 U.S. 2 354430 2 307,759
 Japan 3 179910 3 194,525
European Patent Office 4 137782 4 127,603
 South Korea 5 125661 5 119,012
 Russian Federation 6 34008 6 35,774
 Canada 8 22009 7 23,499
 Australia 10 17010 8 17,065
 Germany 9 18255 9 16,367
 India 7 23578 10 13,908
 France 11 13593 11 12249
 Brazil 12 10947 12 9966
 Indonesia 13 10514 16 6374
 Mexico 14 8702 14 8921
 Italy 15 8617 15 6424
China, Hong Kong SAR 16 6780 13 9651
 South Africa 17 6162 19 4746
 United Kingdom 18 5948 17 5982
 Israel 19 4197
 Singapore 20 4188 18 5172

Patent applications per GDP for the top 20 origins[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Patent applications
per GDP 2019
Rank 2018 Patent applications
per GDP 2018
 South Korea 1 7779 1 8,561
 China 2 5520 2 6,183
 Japan 3 4691 3 5,101
 Germany 4 1642 4 1,924
  Switzerland 5 1634 5 1,831
 U.S. 6 1389 6 1,565
 Finland 9 1127 7 1,346
 Denmark 8 1128 8 1,320
 Sweden 7 1130 9 1,225
 Netherlands 10 927 10 1,078
 Austria 11 881 12 1052
 France 12 786 13 934
 Luxembourg 13 765 11 1059
 Russian Federation 14 599 15 673
 United Kingdom 15 583 14 697
 Belgium 16 557 16 659
 Italy 17 535 17 617
 Norway 18 467
 Ukraine 19 389 18 607
 Israel 20 376

Patent in force for the top 20 offices[5][6][edit]

Country office Rank 2019 2019 Patents in force Rank 2018 2018 Patent in force
 U.S. 1 3,131,427 1 3,063,494
 China 2 2,670,784 2 2,366,314
 Japan 3 2,053,879 3 2,054,276
 South Korea 4 1,048,079 4 1,001,163
 Germany 5 772,358 5 703,606
 United Kingdom 6 641,887 7 572,063
 France 7 640,883 6 602,084
 Italy 8 339,072 8 306,768
 Russian Federation 9 263,688 9 256,419
  Switzerland 10 246,124 10 244,581
 Spain 11 222,666
 Ireland 12 221,884 11 196,707
 Belgium 13 208,313
 Netherlands 14 205,675 12 194,393
 Canada 15 187,928 13 184,559
 Austria 16 171,654 14 167,594
 Australia 17 159,244 15 156,244
 Luxembourg 18 145,728 19 98,245
 Mexico 19 113,449 17 113,286
 Monaco 20 112,286 16 115,893

Patent applications per million population for the top 20 origins[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Patent applications
per million population 2019
Rank 2018 Patent applications
per million population 2018
 South Korea 1 3319 1 3148
 Japan 2 1943 2 2005
  Switzerland 3 1122 3 1081
 China 4 890 4 1001
 Germany 5 884 5 884
 United States 6 869 6 871
 Denmark 7 645 7 629
 Sweden 8 601 8 578
 Finland 9 548 9 564
 Netherlands 10 530 10 537
 Austria 11 496 11 489
 France 12 363 12 369
 Singapore 13 303 16 279
 Norway 14 297 13 318
 Belgium 15 288 14 285
 United Kingdom 16 272 15 280
 Italy 17 227 17 220
 Russian Federation 18 165 18 175
 Israel 19 151 19 170
 Iran 20 140 20 146

Organizations[edit]

Top patent applicants worldwide 2003–2012[9][5][6][edit]

Rank Applicant Country Patent families
1 Panasonic  Japan 111,653
2 Samsung Electronics  South Korea 95,852
3 Canon  Japan 74,193
4 Toyota  Japan 73,220
5 Toshiba  Japan 65,151
6 LG Electronics  South Korea 64,593
7 Seiko Epson  Japan 62,305
8 IBM  United States 45,473
9 Ricoh  Japan 45,306
10 Sony  Japan 44,261

Top patent applicants worldwide [10][11][5][6][edit]

2019 Rank 2018 Top applicants 2018 Top applicants 2018 country 2018 Rank 2018 Top applicants 2013 -2015 Applicant country Patent families 2013 -2015
4,411 1 Huawei  China 5,405 1 Canon  Japan 24,006
2,661 2 Mitsubishi Electric  Japan 2,812 2 Samsung Electronics  South Korea 21,836
2,334 3 Samsung Electronics  South Korea 1,997 3 State Grid Corporation of China  China 21,635
2,127 4 Qualcomm  United States 2,404 4 Mitsubishi Electric  Japan 15,277
1,927 5 Oppo  China 1,042 5 IBM  United States 14,972
1,864 6 Boe Technology  China 1,813 6 Toyota  Japan 14,840
1,698 7 Ericsson  Sweden 1,645 7 Huawei  China 14,605
1,691 8 Ping An Technology  China 336 7 Toshiba  Japan 14,567
1,687 9 Robert Bosch GmbH  Germany 1,525 9 LG Electronics  South Korea 14,561
1,646 10 LG Electronics  South Korea 1,697 10 Robert Bosch GmbH  Germany 12,598

Top PCT patent applicants 2019[5][6][edit]

Top PCT patent applicants 2019 Country 2020 Rank 2020 PCT applications 2019 Rank 2019 PCT applications
Huawei  China 1 5464 1 4411
Samsung Electronics  South Korea 2 3093 3 2334
Mitsubishi Electric  Japan 3 2810 2 2661
LG Electronics  South Korea 4 2759 10 1646
Qualcomm  U.S. 5 2173 4 2127
Ericsson  Sweden 6 1989 7 1698
BOE Technology  China 7 1892 6 1864
Oppo  China 8 1801 5 1927
Sony  Japan 9 1793 13 1566
Panasonic  Japan 10 1611 12 1567

Trademarks[edit]

Trademarks in force[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Marks in force 2019 Rank 2018 Marks in force 2018
 China 1 25218516
 U.S. 2 2779113
 India 3 2038798
 Japan 4 1918489
 France 5 1527702
European Patent Office 6 1413406
 Brazil 7 1315878
 South Korea 8 1305260
 Mexico 9 1217805
 Turkey 10 1125914
 Germany 11 953153
 Argentina 12 857813
 United Kingdom 13 782602
 Spain 14 767923
 Russian Federation 15 664335
Benelux Office for Intellectual Property 16 643832
 Australia 17 621231
 Canada 18 617968
  Switzerland 19 514825
 Italy 20 505684

Trademark applications top 20 offices[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Total 2019 Rank 2018 Total 2018
 China 1 7833081
 U.S. 2 672681
 Japan 3 546244
 Iran 4 454925
European Patent Office 5 407712
 India 6 367764
 France 7 311634
 Russian Federation 8 306976
 South Korea 9 284072
 Turkey 10 282448
 Brazil 11 250022
 Germany 12 235928
 United Kingdom 13 220371
 Canada 14 193670
 Mexico 15 160194
 Australia 16 140098
 Vietnam 17 112388
 Italy 18 97077
  Switzerland 19 96343
 Indonesia 20 85837

Industrial designs[edit]

Application design counts for the top 10 offices[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Application
design count 2019
Rank 2018 Application
design count 2018
 China 1 711617 1 536,251
EUIPO 2 113319 2 105,116
 South Korea 3 69360 3 50,678
 Germany 6 44097 4 48,360
 Turkey 5 46202 5 45,735
 Italy 9 31111 6 37,674
 United States 4 49848 7 33,449
 Japan 8 32176 8 27,967
 United Kingdom 10 29896 9 24,688
 Spain 12 16175 10 18853
 France 7 37404 13 12495
 Iran 11 17622 11 14774
 India 13 13723 12 12632
  Switzerland 14 12621 14 11640
 Russian Federation 15 10928 15 8943
 Australia 16 8857 17 8029
 Ukraine 17 7624 16 8166
 Canada 18 7538 18 6818
 Brazil 19 6432 19 6111
 Thailand 20 5293

Application design counts for the top 20 origins[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Application
design count 2019
Rank 2018 Application
design count 2018
 China 1 723327 1 957,241
 Germany 2 76458 2 643,987
 United States 4 61601 3 390,996
 Italy 5 59185 4 361,977
 France 6 54344 5 221,478
 United Kingdom 9 32885 6 196,841
  Switzerland 10 21966 7 153,532
 Japan 8 39936 8 141,278
 Spain 11 21291 9 124,407
 South Korea 3 74736 10 114,337
 Turkey 7 41368
 Iran 12 17495
 India 13 10016
 Netherlands 14 9424
 Sweden 15 6400
 Australia 16 5587
 Russia 17 5493
 Ukraine 18 5386
 Brazil 19 4602
 Denmark 20 4235

Application design counts per million population for the top 10 origins[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Application design count
per million population 2019
Rank 2018 Application design count
per million population 2018
 South Korea 1 1187 1 1163
 Italy 2 699 2 764
 Germany 3 676 3 720
 France 4 625 9 279
 China 5 495 4 495
 Turkey 6 470 7 431
 UK 7 414 6 435
 Spain 8 408 5 470
  Switzerland 9 389 8 405
 Netherlands 10 284 10 233
 Sweden 11 238 11 211
 Iran 12 211 13 179
 Japan 13 182 12 185
 Australia 14 124 14 124
 Ukraine 15 105 15 118
 United States 16 70 16 70
 Thailand 17 51 17 58
 Russian Federation 18 31 18 26
 Brazil 19 20 19 18
 India 20 7 20 7

Industrial design registrations in force for the top 10 offices[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Registrations
in force 2019
Rank 2018 Registrations
in force 2018
 China 1 1789671 1 1610616
 South Korea 2 358803 2 344560
 United States 3 357959 3 336116
 Japan 4 261669 4 257157
EUIPO 5 236935 5 223492
 Turkey 6 135803 6 127197
 UK 7 99592 8 75476
 India 8 86923 7 86288
 France 9 83707
 Germany 10 53958 9 54726
 Australia 11 50528 10 50069
 Brazil 12 49542 11 46910
 Canada 13 41952 12 42277
 Russian Federation 14 38550 13 35898
 Iran 15 37391 14 28999
 Spain 16 29975 15 27305
Mexico 17 28059 16 26866
Indonesia 18 27613
China, Hong Kong SAR 19 21858 17 21707
South Africa 20 18166 18 17407

Industrial designs per GDP top 20[5][6][edit]

Country Rank 2019 Industrial designs 2019 Rank 2018 Industrial designs 2018
 China 1 3071 2 3057
 South Korea 2 2782 1 3164
 Turkey 3 1670 4 1704
 Italy 4 1648 3 2137
 France 5 1354 10 705
 Morocco 6 1300 7 1389
 Germany 7 1255 5 1566
 Spain 8 999 8 1340
 UK 9 886 9 1083
 Ukraine 10 866 6 1516
  Switzerland 11 567 11 686
 Netherlands 12 497 13 468
 Sweden 13 447 14 447
 Japan 14 438 12 472
 Thailand 15 275 15 345
 Australia 16 249 16 273
 Brazil 17 137 18 124
 United States 18 112 17 125
 Russian Federation 19 111 19 102
 India 20 102 20 96

Controversies[edit]

Taiwanese Patents[edit]

Since Taiwan (ROC) is not a member of the United Nations, the number of patents filed in Taiwan is not reported separately from China in the Indicators. The number of patent applications filed with the Taiwan Intellectual Property Office (TIPO) in 2018 was 73,431,[12] which would place it in 6th place worldwide for that year, or 2nd place per capita. In 2014, Bloomberg ranked Taiwan #1 in Patent Activity, using UN data.[13][14] The last WIPO Indicators report to mention the name Taiwan was in 2017, noting the large number of patents by Foxconn.[15][16][17][18]

China has been criticized for its efforts in the UN to reduce the visibility of Taiwan,[19][20] including via WIPO; in 2020 Beijing reportedly retaliated to the failed election of a Chinese director-general of the organization by preventing the Wikimedia Foundation from gaining observer status at the WIPO, on the grounds that Wikimedia has a Taiwan subsidiary.[21][22][23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Launch of World Intellectual Property Indicators – 2015 Edition". www.wipo.int.
  2. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators". World Intellectual Property Organization. 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  3. ^ "WIPO IP Statistics Data Center". www3.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  4. ^ "Publications: World Intellectual Property Indicators (WIPI)". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2020". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2019". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  7. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.wipo.int. 2019.
  8. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.wipo.int. 2019.
  9. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators" (PDF). World Intellectual Property Indicators. World Intellectual Property Organization. 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  10. ^ "China Becomes Top Filer of International Patents in 2019". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  11. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators" (PDF). World Intellectual Property Indicators. World Intellectual Property Organization. 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  12. ^ "TIPO Statistics Report: Patent and Trademark Applications in 2018". Taiwan Intellectual Property Office. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  13. ^ Lu, Wei; Chan, Marcus (6 August 2017). "In Global Innovation Race, Taiwan Is Tops in Patents, Israel Leads in R&D - Bloomberg". web.archive.org. Bloomberg. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  14. ^ "MOST INNOVATIVE IN THE WORLD 2014: COUNTRIES" (PDF). web.archive.org. Bloomberg. 13 March 2016.
  15. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2017" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  16. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2018" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  17. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2019" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  18. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2020" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  19. ^ Horton, Chris (8 May 2017). "Blocked by China, Taiwan Presses to Join U.N. Agency's Meeting". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  20. ^ Lee, Kristine. "It's Not Just the WHO: How China Is Moving on the Whole U.N." POLITICO. Politico. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  21. ^ Glosserman, Brad (9 March 2020). "China loses a skirmish in fight for global influence". The Japan Times. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  22. ^ Hui, Mary (25 September 2020). "Beijing blocked Wikimedia from a UN agency because of "Taiwan-related issues"". Quartz. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  23. ^ Magnier, Mark (30 September 2020). "Beijing blocks Wikipedia from UN agency to resist 'Western values': analysts". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 21 February 2021.

External links[edit]