List of sovereign states and dependent territories by immigrant population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

These are lists of countries by foreign-born population (immigrants) and lists of countries by number native-born persons living in a foreign country (emigrants).

According to the United Nations, in 2019, the United States, Germany, and Saudi Arabia had the largest number of immigrants of any country, while Tuvalu, Saint Helena, and Tokelau had the lowest. In terms of percentage of population, the Vatican City, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar had the highest, while Cuba, Madagascar, and China had the lowest.

According to estimates from the same UN 2015 report, in 2013, India and Mexico had the highest numbers of native-born persons living in a foreign country, while Tokelau and San Marino had the lowest.

Definition[edit]

The United Nations defines "foreign-born" as "born in a country other than that in which one resides" to estimate the international migrant stock, whenever this information is available. In countries lacking data on place of birth, the UN uses the country of citizenship instead.[1]

According to the UN: "Equating international migrants with foreign citizens when estimating the migrant stock has important shortcomings. In countries where citizenship is conferred on the basis of jus sanguinis, people who were born in the country of residence may be included in the number of international migrants even though they may have never lived abroad. Conversely, persons who were born abroad and who naturalized in their country of residence are excluded from the stock of international migrants when using citizenship as the criterion to define international migrants."[1]

UN 2019 report: immigrant population[edit]

Countries and regions by immigrant population[2]
Major area, region, country or area of destination International migrant stock at mid-year (both sexes) 2019 International migrant stock as a percentage of the total population (both sexes) 2019
WORLD 271,642,105 3.5
UN development groups .. ..
More developed regions 152,069,261 12.0
Less developed regions 119,572,844 1.9
Least developed countries 16,289,023 1.6
Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries 103,283,821 1.9
World Bank income groups .. ..
High-income countries 175,811,829 14.0
Middle-income countries 82,237,681 1.4
Upper-middle-income countries 54,279,436 2.1
Lower-middle-income countries 27,958,245 0.9
Low-income countries 13,072,099 1.7
No income group available 520,496 17.9
Geographic regions .. ..
Africa 26,529,334 2.0
Asia 83,559,197 1.8
Europe 82,304,539 11.0
Latin America and the Caribbean 11,673,288 1.8
Northern America 58,647,822 16.0
Oceania 8,927,925 21.2
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) regions .. ..
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA 23,573,485 2.2
Eastern Africa 7,908,176 1.8
 Burundi 321,018 2.8
 Comoros 12,504 1.5
 Djibouti 115,341 11.8
 Eritrea 16,101 0.5
 Ethiopia 1,253,083 1.1
 Kenya 1,044,854 2.0
 Madagascar 34,934 0.1
 Malawi 247,652 1.3
 Mauritius 28,849 2.3
 Mayotte 74,643 28.0
 Mozambique 334,665 1.1
 Réunion 129,153 14.5
 Rwanda 539,932 4.3
 Seychelles 12,926 13.2
 Somalia 52,131 0.3
 South Sudan 865,552 7.8
 Uganda 1,734,166 3.9
 United Republic of Tanzania 509,166 0.9
 Zambia 170,249 1.0
 Zimbabwe 411,257 2.8
Middle Africa 3,785,279 2.2
 Angola 669,479 2.1
 Cameroon 505,692 2.0
 Central African Republic 90,649 1.9
 Chad 512,230 3.2
 Congo 402,142 7.5
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 963,833 1.1
 Equatorial Guinea 227,617 16.8
 Gabon 411,463 18.9
 Sao Tome and Principe 2,174 1.0
Southern Africa 4,481,651 6.7
 Botswana 110,596 4.8
 Eswatini 32,310 2.8
 Lesotho 6,928 0.3
 Namibia 107,561 4.3
 South Africa 4,224,256 7.2
Western Africa 7,398,379 1.9
 Benin 390,112 3.3
 Burkina Faso 718,338 3.5
 Cabo Verde 15,664 2.8
 Côte d'Ivoire 2,549,141 9.9
 Gambia 215,406 9.2
 Ghana 466,780 1.5
 Guinea 120,642 0.9
 Guinea-Bissau 26,916 1.4
 Liberia 94,448 1.9
 Mali 468,230 2.4
 Mauritania 172,987 3.8
 Niger 294,161 1.3
 Nigeria 1,256,408 0.6
 Saint Helena 433 7.1
 Senegal 275,239 1.7
 Sierra Leone 54,332 0.7
 Togo 279,142 3.5
NORTHERN AFRICA AND WESTERN ASIA 48,591,390 9.4
Northern Africa 2,955,849 1.2
 Algeria 249,075 0.6
 Egypt 504,053 0.5
 Libya 818,216 12.1
 Morocco 98,574 0.3
 Sudan 1,223,092 2.9
 Tunisia 57,455 0.5
 Western Sahara 5,384 0.9
Western Asia 45,635,541 16.6
 Armenia 190,159 6.4
 Azerbaijan 253,887 2.5
 Bahrain 741,161 45.2
 Cyprus 191,922 16.0
 Georgia 79,035 2.0
 Iraq 368,062 0.9
 Israel 1,956,346 23.0
 Jordan 3,346,703 33.1
 Kuwait 3,034,845 72.1
 Lebanon 1,863,873 27.2
 Oman 2,286,226 46.0
 Qatar 2,229,688 78.7
 Saudi Arabia 13,122,338 38.3
 Syrian Arab Republic 867,848 5.1
 Turkey 5,876,829 7.0
 United Arab Emirates 8,587,256 87.9
 Yemen 385,628 1.3
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ASIA 19,627,025 1.0
Central Asia 5,543,398 7.6
 Kazakhstan 3,705,556 20.0
 Kyrgyzstan 200,260 3.1
 Tajikistan 274,071 2.9
 Turkmenistan 195,127 3.3
 Uzbekistan 1,168,384 3.5
Southern Asia 14,083,627 0.7
 Afghanistan 149,762 0.4
 Bangladesh 2,185,613 1.3
 Bhutan 53,254 7.0
 India 5,154,737 0.4
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2,682,214 3.2
 Maldives 69,249 13.0
   Nepal 490,802 1.7
 Pakistan 3,257,978 1.5
 Sri Lanka 40,018 0.2
EASTERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA 18,296,631 0.8
Eastern Asia 8,105,764 0.5
 China 1,030,871 0.1
 China, Hong Kong SAR 2,942,254 39.6
 China, Macao SAR 399,572 62.4
 North Korea 49,393 0.2
 Japan 2,498,891 2.0
 Mongolia 21,128 0.7
 South Korea 1,163,655 2.3
South-Eastern Asia 10,190,867 1.5
 Brunei Darussalam 110,641 25.5
 Cambodia 78,649 0.5
 Indonesia 353,135 0.1
 Lao People's Democratic Republic 48,275 0.7
 Malaysia 3,430,380 10.7
 Myanmar 75,998 0.1
 Philippines 218,530 0.2
 Singapore 2,155,653 37.1
 Thailand 3,635,085 5.2
 Timor-Leste 8,417 0.7
 Vietnam 76,104 0.1
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 11,673,288 1.8
 Caribbean 1,524,793 3.5
 Anguilla 5,679 38.2
 Antigua and Barbuda 29,207 30.1
 Aruba 36,532 34.4
 Bahamas 62,962 16.2
 Barbados 34,807 12.1
 British Virgin Islands 20,778 69.2
 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 15,484 59.6
 Cayman Islands 28,985 44.6
 Cuba 4,886 0.0
 Curaçao 40,883 25.0
 Dominica 8,264 11.5
 Dominican Republic 567,648 5.3
 Grenada 7,124 6.4
 Guadeloupe 100,030 22.3
 Haiti 18,756 0.2
 Jamaica 23,468 0.8
 Martinique 61,647 16.4
 Montserrat 1,375 27.6
 Puerto Rico 266,828 9.1
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 7,587 14.4
 Saint Lucia 8,383 4.6
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4,692 4.2
 Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 28,260 66.7
 Trinidad and Tobago 59,249 4.2
 Turks and Caicos Islands 24,534 64.2
 United States Virgin Islands 56,745 54.3
 Central America 1,927,688 1.1
 Belize 59,998 15.4
 Costa Rica 417,768 8.3
 El Salvador 42,617 0.7
 Guatemala 80,421 0.5
 Honduras 38,933 0.4
 Mexico 1,060,707 0.8
 Nicaragua 42,172 0.6
 Panama 185,072 4.4
South America 8,820,807 2.9
 Argentina 2,212,879 4.9
 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 156,114 1.4
 Brazil 1,899,757 0.9
 Chile 1,462,103 7.0
 Colombia 1,142,319 2.3
 Ecuador 981,507 2.2
 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1,902 56.3
 French Guiana 117,372 40.4
 Guyana 15,699 2.0
 Paraguay 160,519 2.3
 Peru 782,169 2.4
 Suriname 46,157 7.9
 Uruguay 81,482 2.4
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1,375,690 4.8
OCEANIA 8,927,925 21.2
Australia / New Zealand 8,618,009 28.7
 Australia 7,549,270 30.0
 New Zealand 1,401,866 27.4
Melanesia 123,564 1.1
 Fiji 14,038 1.6
 New Caledonia 72,537 25.7
 Papua New Guinea 31,212 0.4
 Solomon Islands 2,532 0.4
 Vanuatu 3,245 1.1
 Micronesia 117,978 21.7
 Guam 79,846 47.7
 Kiribati 3,022 2.6
 Marshall Islands 3,296 5.6
 Micronesia 2,819 2.5
 Nauru 2,114 19.7
 Northern Mariana Islands 21,815 38.1
 Palau 5,066 28.1
Polynesia 68,374 10.1
 American Samoa 23,539 42.6
 Cook Islands 3,491 19.9
 French Polynesia 31,205 11.2
 Niue 588 36.4
 Samoa 4,035 2.0
 Tokelau 504 37.6
 Tonga 3,752 3.6
 Tuvalu 238 2.0
 Wallis and Futuna 1,022 8.9
EUROPE AND NORTHERN AMERICA 140,952,361 12.7
EUROPE 82,304,539 11.0
Eastern Europe 20,278,745 6.9
 Belarus 1,069,395 11.3
 Bulgaria 168,516 2.4
 Czech Republic 512,705 4.8
 Hungary 512,043 5.3
 Poland 655,985 1.7
 Republic of Moldova 104,713 2.6
 Romania 462,552 2.4
 Russian Federation 11,640,559 8.0
 Slovakia 187,984 3.4
 Ukraine 4,964,293 11.3
Northern Europe 15,094,924 14.3
Channel Islands 83,833 48.7
 Denmark 722,878 12.5
 Estonia 190,242 14.4
 Faroe Islands 6,454 13.3
 Finland 383,116 6.9
 Iceland 52,404 15.5
 Ireland 833,564 17.1
 Isle of Man 42,864 50.7
 Latvia 237,266 12.4
 Lithuania 117,218 4.2
 Norway 867,765 16.1
 Sweden 2,005,210 20.0
 United Kingdom 9,552,110 14.1
Southern Europe 16,503,552 10.8
 Albania 49,160 1.7
 Andorra 45,102 58.5
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,735 1.1
 Croatia 518,083 12.5
 Gibraltar 11,172 33.2
 Greece 1,211,382 11.6
  Holy See 799 100.0
 Italy 6,273,722 10.4
 Malta 84,949 19.3
 Montenegro 70,967 11.3
 North Macedonia 131,175 6.3
 Portugal 888,162 8.7
 San Marino 5,507 16.3
 Serbia 820,312 9.4
 Slovenia 253,122 12.2
 Spain 7,231,195 15.2
Western Europe 30,427,318 15.6
 Austria 1,779,857 19.9
 Belgium 1,981,919 17.2
 France 8,334,875 12.8
 Germany 13,132,146 15.7
 Liechtenstein 25,467 67.0
 Luxembourg 291,723 47.4
 Monaco 26,511 68.0
 Netherlands 2,282,791 13.4
  Switzerland 2,572,029 29.9
NORTHERN AMERICA 58,647,822 16.0
 Bermuda 19,336 30.9
 Canada 7,960,657 21.3
 Greenland 5,690 10.0
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 990 17.0
 United States of America 50,661,149 15.4

UN 2019 report: emigrant population[edit]

Countries and regions of origin by emigrant population in 2019[3]
Country or region of origin Emigrants (2019) Article
World 271,642,105
Other South 7,950,425
Other North 3,407,920
 Afghanistan 5,120,756 Afghan diaspora
 Albania 1,207,032 Albanian diaspora
 Algeria 1,944,784 Algerians in France
 American Samoa 1,817
 Andorra 9,114
 Angola 661,590
 Anguilla 2,707
 Antigua and Barbuda 55,089
 Argentina 1,013,414
 Armenia 964,848
 Aruba 19,640
 Australia 577,255
 Austria 575,950
 Azerbaijan 1,155,852 Azerbaijani diaspora
 Bahamas 46,467
 Bahrain 60,153
 Bangladesh 7,835,152 Bangladeshi diaspora
 Barbados 112,925
 Belarus 1,480,794 Belarusian diaspora
 Belgium 581,740
 Belize 68,144
 Benin 666,357
 Bermuda 18,049
 Bhutan 49,216
 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 878,211
 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 12,764
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,653,056 Bosnian diaspora
 Botswana 86,501
 Brazil 1,745,339 Brazilian diaspora
 British Virgin Islands 5,417
 Brunei Darussalam 46,977
 Bulgaria 1,541,860 Bulgarian diaspora
 Burkina Faso 1,581,083
 Burundi 623,999
 Cabo Verde 186,372
 Cambodia 1,097,884
 Cameroon 383,029
 Canada 1,323,087 Canadian diaspora
 Cayman Islands 1,973
 Central African Republic 767,884
 Chad 206,400
Channel Islands 22,545
 Chile 650,151
 China 10,732,281 Chinese diaspora
 China, Hong Kong SAR 1,110,358 Hongkongers
 China, Macao SAR 161,930
 Colombia 2,869,032 Colombian diaspora
 Comoros 120,297
 Congo 239,397
 Cook Islands 22,488
 Costa Rica 150,400
 Côte d'Ivoire 1,114,003
 Croatia 990,012
 Cuba 1,654,684 Cuban diaspora
 Curaçao 123,132
 Cyprus 214,648
 Czech Republic 911,388
 Dem. People's Republic of Korea 113,118
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,684,615 Demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Denmark 255,616
 Djibouti 18,668
 Dominica 78,634
 Dominican Republic 1,558,668
 Ecuador 2,183,685
 Egypt 3,547,626 Egyptian diaspora
 El Salvador 1,600,739 Salvadorans
 Equatorial Guinea 125,670
 Eritrea 751,481
 Estonia 208,257
 Eswatini 108,188
 Ethiopia 871,747
 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1,623
 Faroe Islands 13,838
 Fiji 222,633
 Finland 290,006
 France 2,296,534 French diaspora
 French Guiana 4,555
 French Polynesia 1,982
 Gabon 46,684
 Gambia 118,483
 Georgia 852,816
 Germany 4,014,203 German diaspora
 Ghana 970,625
 Gibraltar 14,320
 Greece 1,039,257
 Greenland 18,684
 Grenada 75,784
 Guadeloupe 11,856
 Guam 2,197
 Guatemala 1,205,644
 Guinea 530,963
 Guinea-Bissau 103,587
 Guyana 520,196
 Haiti 1,585,681
  Holy See 217
 Honduras 800,707
 Hungary 632,126
 Iceland 42,186
 India 17,510,931 Indian diaspora
 Indonesia 4,532,992 Indonesian diaspora
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 4,037,258[4] Iranian diaspora
 Iraq 2,033,522 Iraqi diaspora
 Ireland 816,797
 Isle of Man 12,809
 Israel 369,935
 Italy 3,077,777 Italian diaspora
 Jamaica 1,111,021
 Japan 838,852
 Jordan 784,377
 Kazakhstan 4,005,587
 Kenya 525,437
 Kiribati 4,370
 Kuwait 205,382
 Kyrgyzstan 754,969
 Lao People's Democratic Republic 1,347,034
 Latvia 332,220
 Lebanon 844,158
 Lesotho 341,580
 Liberia 219,338
 Libya 180,586
 Liechtenstein 3,713
 Lithuania 610,223
 Luxembourg 75,470
 Madagascar 184,762
 Malawi 324,541
 Malaysia 1,689,222
 Maldives 3,053
 Mali 1,264,700
 Malta 111,137
 Marshall Islands 8,205
 Martinique 13,919
 Mauritania 128,506
 Mauritius 188,344
 Mayotte 6,617
 Mexico 11,796,178 Emigration from Mexico
 Micronesia (Fed. States of) 21,819
 Monaco 31,452
 Mongolia 73,488
 Montenegro 153,009
 Montserrat 22,838
 Morocco 3,136,069 Moroccan diaspora
 Mozambique 1,013,416
 Myanmar 3,699,472
 Namibia 195,515
 Nauru 2,421
   Nepal 2,285,364
 Netherlands 980,753
 New Caledonia 5,098
 New Zealand 777,303
 Nicaragua 682,865
 Niger 401,653
 Nigeria 1,438,331
 Niue 5,593
 North Macedonia 658,264
 Northern Mariana Islands 2,764
 Norway 202,336
 Oman 24,939
 Pakistan 6,303,286 Pakistani diaspora
 Palau 2,650
 Panama 161,107
 Papua New Guinea 219,126
 Paraguay 871,638
 Peru 1,512,920
 Philippines 5,377,337 Overseas Filipinos
 Poland 4,446,985 Polish diaspora
 Portugal 2,631,559
 Puerto Rico 2,007,347
 Qatar 171,632
 South Korea 2,176,580 Korean diaspora
 Republic of Moldova 1,013,417
 Réunion 133,769
 Romania 3,572,794
 Russian Federation 10,491,715 Russian diaspora
 Rwanda 588,544
 Saint Helena 6,596
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 124,941
 Saint Lucia 63,605
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2,356
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 60,655
 Samoa 124,403
 San Marino 2,425
 Sao Tome and Principe 37,013
 Saudi Arabia 296,254
 Senegal 642,654
 Serbia 950,485
 Seychelles 36,788
 Sierra Leone 187,102
 Singapore 340,751
 Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 29,209
 Slovakia 345,683
 Slovenia 147,593
 Solomon Islands 4,234
 Somalia 2,054,377
 South Africa 824,601
 South Sudan 2,608,218
 Spain 1,444,942
 Sri Lanka 1,775,768
 State of Palestine 3,890,650
 Sudan 2,040,613
 Suriname 423,517
 Sweden 353,825
  Switzerland 679,796
 Syrian Arab Republic 8,225,499 Syrian diaspora
 Tajikistan 597,959
 Thailand 1,020,119
 Timor-Leste 39,202
 Togo 543,277
 Tokelau 2,242
 Tonga 74,433
 Trinidad and Tobago 334,304
 Tunisia 813,213
 Turkey 3,493,071 Turkish diaspora
 Turkmenistan 260,832
 Turks and Caicos Islands 31,033
 Tuvalu 3,276
 Uganda 734,951
 Ukraine 5,901,067 Ukrainian diaspora
 United Arab Emirates 154,404
 United Kingdom 4,274,998 British diaspora
 United Republic of Tanzania 323,173
 United States of America 3,167,072 American diaspora
 United States Virgin Islands 25,863
 Uruguay 633,439
 Uzbekistan 1,979,523 Uzbeks
 Vanuatu 7,346
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2,519,780 Venezuelan diaspora
 Vietnam 2,683,954 Oversea Vietnamese
 Wallis and Futuna Islands 11,820
 Western Sahara 195,572
 Yemen 1,267,610
 Zambia 493,087
 Zimbabwe 933,654

See also[edit]

References[edit]