List of islands by population

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This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population, which includes all islands with population greater than 100,000. For comparison, continental landmasses are also shown, in italics. The population of the world's islands is over 730 million, approximately 11% of the world's total population. Of those, only Java and Honshu have populations over 1% of the global population.

Islands ordered by population[edit]

Due to the uncertainty of exactly what constitutes a geographic island, as opposed to an administrative region, please see comments about what is included in the figures: the statistics for some "islands" include other nearby islands.

World map showing the locations of the world's most populated islands
Java
Java
Honshu
Honshu
Great Britain
Great Britain
Luzon
Luzon
Sumatra
Sumatra
Madagascar
Madagascar
Mindanao
Mindanao
Mainland Australia
Mainland Australia
Taiwan
Taiwan
Borneo
Borneo
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Hispaniola
Hispaniola
Sulawesi
Sulawesi
Salsette
Salsette
Kyūshū
Kyūshū
New Guinea
New Guinea
Cuba
Cuba
World's most populated islands (10 million+ inhabitants)

Population over 10 million[edit]

Ranking Island Population Density
(/km²)
Country/ies
Afro-Eurasia 6,729,986,135 (2020) 72.4 Multiple
Americas 1,027,067,740 (2020) 23.5 Multiple
1 Java 147,795,436 (2020, admin, prelim)[1] Composed of 6 provinces excluding the Madura island ~1,200  Indonesia
2 Honshū 104,000,000 (2017)[2][3] 451.8  Japan
3 Great Britain 66,397,821 (2021)[4] 317.2  United Kingdom
4 Luzon 64,260,312 (2021) [5] 480  Philippines
5 Sumatra 58,880,000 (2020, admin, prelim)[1][6] 123.46  Indonesia
6 Madagascar 28,479,665 (2021) 43.5  Madagascar
7 Mindanao 27,021,036 (2021)[7] 261.4  Philippines
Mainland Australia 25,294,065 c. (2021) 3.2  Australia
8 Taiwan 23,865,820 (2021)[8] 657

 Republic of China

9 Borneo 23,720,000 (2020, admin, prelim)[1][9][10][11] 26.3  Indonesia (Kalimantan),  Brunei,  Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)
10 Hispaniola 22,278,000 (2020, national popclocks July 1) 277  Dominican Republic,  Haiti
11 Sri Lanka 21,919,000 (2021)[12] 310  Sri Lanka
12 Sulawesi (Celebes) 20,160,000 (2020, admin, prelim)[1][13] 97  Indonesia
13 Salsette 15,111,974 (2012)[8][14] 24,414  India (Maharashtra)
14 New Guinea 14,800,000 (2020 RI, admin, prelim, 2020 PNG est)[1][15] 15  Papua New Guinea and  Indonesia (Western New Guinea)
15 Kyūshū 13,200,000 (2010)[2][16] 371  Japan
16 Cuba 11,318,747 (2021)[8][17] 103.3  Cuba
17 Hainan 10,081,232 (2020)[18] 290  China

Population 1,000,000 to 10,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island Population Country/ies
18 Long Island 7,838,822 (2015)[19]  United States ( New York)
19 Ireland 6,894,291 (2021)[20][21]  Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
20 Singapore Island 5,882,440 (2021)[22]  Singapore
21 Hokkaidō 5,383,579 (2015C) [2]  Japan
22 Sicily 5,017,000 (2007)[23]  Italy ( Sicily)
23 Negros 4,656,945 (2020) [24]  Philippines
24 Panay 4,542,926 (2020)[25]  Philippines
25 Bali 4,317,404 (2020)  Indonesia
26 Cebu 4,311,040 (2020)  Philippines
27 Madura 4,004,564 (2020)

 Indonesia

28 North Island 3,925,800 (June 2021)[26]  New Zealand
29 Shikoku 3,815,000 (2015)[2]  Japan
30 Puerto Rico 3,474,182 (2015)[27]  Puerto Rico (territory of the  United States)
31 Lombok 3,311,044 (2014) [28]  Indonesia
32 Timor 3,182,693 (2014)[29][30][31]  Indonesia (part of East Nusa Tenggara province) and  East Timor
33 Jamaica 2,950,210 (2015)[29]  Jamaica
34 Zhongshan Island 2,890,000 (2015)[8][29][32]  China and  Macau
35 Leyte 2,626,970 (2020)

 Philippines

36 Zealand 2,287,740 (2017)[33][34]  Denmark
37 Xiamen Island 2,040,000 (2017 estimate)[35][36]  China (Fujian)
38 Island of Montreal 2,014,221 (2016E on 2011C data)[37][38]  Canada ( Quebec)
39 Flores 1,831,000 (2010)[28]  Indonesia
40 Bhola Island 1,758,000 (2011)[8][39]  Bangladesh
41 Samar 1,751,267 (2010)[40][41]  Philippines
42 Sardinia 1,659,000 (2007) [23]  Italy ( Sardinia)
43 Manhattan Island 1,619,090 (2012)[19]  United States ( New York)
44 Haizhu 1,558,663 (2010 census)[42]  China (Guangdong)
45 São Luís 1,381,459 (2014 estimate)[43]  Brazil (Maranhão)
46 Sumbawa 1,391,340 (2014)[44]  Indonesia
47 Mindoro 1,331,473 (2015)[40]  Philippines
48 Okinawa Island 1,301,000 (2015)[2]  Japan
49 Trinidad 1,267,145 (2011 Census)[45]  Trinidad and Tobago
50 Hong Kong Island 1,253,417 (2016C)[46]  Hong Kong
51 Mauritius 1,219,265 (2014)[47]  Mauritius
52 Bohol 1,211,000 (2015)[48]  Philippines
53 South Island 1,196,000 (June 2021).[26]  New Zealand
54 Batam 1,153,860 (2012 BPS Civil Survey)[49]  Indonesia
55 Bahrain Island 1,095,000 (2014E)[50]  Bahrain
56 Cyprus 1,088,503 (2010 estimate)[51]  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK),  Northern Cyprus (Recognised only by Turkey)
57 Oahu 1,016,508 (2021)[19]  United States ( Hawaii)

Population 500,000 to 1,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island Population Country
58 Bangka 960,692 (2010) [28]  Indonesia
59 Tenerife 906,854 (2010 census)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
60 Unguja (Zanzibar Island) 896,721 (2012 Census)[52]  Tanzania ( Zanzibar)
61 Palawan 886,308 (2015 census)  Philippines
62 Vancouver Island 870,297 (2019 estimate)[53]  Canada ( British Columbia)
63 Mallorca 862,397 (2009 census)  Spain ( Balearic Islands)
64 Penang Island 860,000 (2010 estimate)  Malaysia
65 Gran Canaria 838,397 (2009 census)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
66 Réunion 837,868 (2012 estimate)[54]  France
67 Cangshan 762,746 (2010 census)[55]  China (Fujian)
68 São Vicente 760,000[56]  Brazil ( São Paulo)
69 Nias 756,338 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia
70 Masbate 706,897 (2015 census)  Philippines
71 Sumba 686,113 (2010 Census)[57]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
72 Viti Levu 661,997 (2007 Census)[58]  Fiji
73 Crete 623,065 (2011 Census)  Greece
74 Jeju 621,550 (2014 estimate)[59]  South Korea
75 Chongming 615,297 (2013 census)[60]  China (Shanghai)
76 Jolo 530,000(2015 census)  Philippines
77 Phuket 525,018 (2010)[61]  Thailand
78 Newfoundland 522,103 (2020 estimate)[37]  Canada ( Newfoundland and Labrador)
79 New Britain 513,926 (2011 census)[62]  Papua New Guinea
80 Tasmania 507,626 (2010 estimate)  Australia
81 Zhoushan 502,667 (2000 census)[63]  China (Zhejiang)

Population 100,000 to 500,000[edit]

Ranking Island Population Country
82 Margarita Island 489,917 (2014 estimate)[64]  Venezuela
83 Staten Island 474,558 (2016 estimate)  United States ( New York)
84 Sakhalin 471,515 (2014 Estimate)[65]  Russia
85 Mactan 467,824 (2015 census)  Philippines
86 Funen 466,284 (2010 estimate)  Denmark
87 Basilan 459,367 (2015 census)  Philippines
88 Halmahera 449,938 (2010 Census) [66][67]  Indonesia
89 Buton 447,408 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia
90 Ambon 441,000 (2010 Census)[57]  Indonesia
91 Seram 434,113 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia
92 Île Jésus 429,413 (2016E basis 2011 census)[37]  Canada ( Quebec)
93 IJsselmonde 423,000  Netherlands
94 Santa Catarina 420,000[68]  Brazil (Santa Catarina)
95 Pemba 406,808 (2012 Census)[52]  Tanzania
96 Sandwip 400,000  Bangladesh
97 Martinique 390,371 (2012 estimate)[54]  France (Martinique)
98 Malta 386,057 (2011 estimate)[69]  Malta
99 Marajó 383,336 (2014 estimate)[70]  Brazil (Pará)
100 Grande Comore 369,600 (2012 estimate)[71]  Comoros
101 Pingtan (Haitan) 357,760 (2010 census)[55]  China (Fujian)
102 Ukerewe Island 345,147 (2012 Census)[52][72]  Tanzania
103 Flevopolder 344,521 (2018 estimate Flevoland w/o Noordoostpolder)[73]  Netherlands (Flevoland)
104 Bioko 339,695 (2015 census)[74]  Equatorial Guinea
105 Yangzhong 334,977 (2010 census)  China (Jiangsu)
106 Bintan 329,659 (2010 Census)[57]  Indonesia
107 Iceland 325,671 (2014 estimate—whole country)[75]  Iceland
108 Maheshkhali 321,218 (2011 Census)[76]  Bangladesh
109 Corsica 316,578 (2012 estimate)[54]  France
110 Santo Amaro (Guarujá) 308,989 (2014 estimate) [77]  Brazil (São Paulo)
111 Anjouan 306,800 (2012 estimate)[71]  Comoros
112 Vendsyssel-Thy 306,373 (2003)  Denmark
113 Vitória 300,000[78]  Brazil (Espirito Santo)
114 Chengār 292,057 (2011 Census)[79]  Bangladesh
115 Santiago 290,280 (2014 estimate)[80]  Cape Verde
116 Abu Dhabi 280,385  United Arab Emirates
117 Barbados 279,254 (2005 estimate)  Barbados
118 Muna 268,140 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia
119 Madeira 262,456 (2011 Census)  Portugal
120 Belitung 262,357 (2010 census) [57]  Indonesia
121 Grande Terre 247,669 (2014 estimate)[81]  New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France)
122 Geoje Island 241,711 (2010 Census) [59]  South Korea
123 Bushrod 234,596 (1996)[82]  Liberia
124 Bougainville 234,280 (2011 census)[62]  Papua New Guinea
125 Marinduque 227,828 (2010)  Philippines
126 Lulu Island 224,201α  Canada ( British Columbia)
127 Lagos Island 212,700(2006 Census)[83]  Nigeria
128 Governador Island 212,574 (2010C adm dist including nearby island)[84]  Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
129 New Providence 210,832 (2000 census)  Bahamas
130 Euboea 210,815 (2011 Census)  Greece
131 Portsea Island 205,400  United Kingdom ( England)
132 Vasilievsky Island 202,650 (2002 census).[85]  Russia
133 Grande-Terre 197,603 (2006 census)  France (Guadeloupe)
134 New Ireland 194,067 (2011 estimate, whole province)[62]  Papua New Guinea
135 Tarakan 193,370 (2010 Census)[57]  Indonesia ( North Kalimantan)
136 Tsing Yi 191,500 (2015 proj)[86]  Hong Kong
137 Dongchong Island 191,019 (2010 Census)[87]  China (Guangdong)
138 Hawaii (island) 190,821 (2013 factfinder)  United States ( Hawaii)
139 Muharraq 188,597 (2010)[88]  Bahrain
140 Grande Terre 188,442 (2012 estimate)[89]  France (Mayotte)
141 Raghopur 187,722 (2001 census)  India
142 Chiloé 186,933 (2016P census)[90]  Chile
143 Basse-Terre 186,661 (2006 census)  France (Guadeloupe)
144 Ternate 185,705 (2010 Census)[57]  Indonesia ( North Maluku)
145 Jinshazhou 183,000 (2010 Census)[87]  China (Guangdong)
146 South Andaman Island 181,949 (2001 census)[91]  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
147 Tahiti 178,133 (2007 census)  French Polynesia (overseas collectivity of  France)
148 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 172,797[92]  Argentina and  Chile
149 São Tomé 171,856 (2012 estimate)[93]  São Tomé and Príncipe
150 Voorne-Putten 170,411 (2002)  Netherlands
- Pulau Petak 170,000 + in 2010[94]  Indonesia
151 Carmen, Campeche 169,466 (2010 Census)[95]  Mexico
152 Majuli 167,304 (2011 census)[96]  India (Assam)
153 Saint Lucia 166,526 (2010 census)[97]  Saint Lucia
154 Csepel Island 165,000 (2017 estimate)[98]  Hungary
155 Guimaras 162,943 (2010)  Philippines
156 Buru 162,116 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia ( Maluku)
157 Shawan Island 161,390 (2010 census)[87]  China (Guangdong)
158 Maui 160,202 (2013 census factfinder)[19]  United States (Hawaii)
159 Amager 160,064 (2006 estimate)  Denmark
160 Guam 160,000  United States
161 Guadalcanal 158,222 (2009 census includes Honiara and Guadalcanal Prov.)[99]  Solomon Islands
162 Tablas 158,050 (2010)  Philippines
163 Curaçao 156,971 (2015 census) [100]  Curaçao (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands)
164 Biliran 155,061 (2010)  Philippines
165 Malé 153,379 (2014 estimate)  Maldives
166 Qeshm 148,993 (2016C, entire county)[101]  Iran
167 Prince Edward Island 148,649 (2016E basis 2011 census)[37]  Canada ( Prince Edward Island)
168 Upolu 147,629 (2011 census)[102]  Samoa
169 Mombasa 146,334  Kenya
170 Alor 145,299 (2010 Census) [103]  Indonesia
171 Yeong Island 144,884 (2010 Census)[59]  South Korea (Busan)
172 Isle of Wight 139,800 (2016 estimate)  United Kingdom ( England)
173 Djerba 139,517 (2004 census)  Tunisia
174 Malaita 137,596 (2009 C)[99]  Solomon Islands
175 Awaji 138,804 (2013)  Japan
176 São Miguel 137,830 (2011 census)  Portugal ( Azores)
177 Bantayan 136,960 (2010 census)  Philippines
178 Lanzarote 131,708 (2007 estimate)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
179 Cape Breton Island 131,606 (2016E basis 2011 census)[37]  Canada ( Nova Scotia)
180 Xiaoguwei 131,470 (2010 census)[87]  China (Guangdong)
181 Hisingen 130,497 (2007)  Sweden
182 Vanua Levu 130,000  Fiji
183 Kutubdia 125,279 (2011 Census)[76]  Bangladesh
184 Srirangam 120,000 (2011 Census)  India (Tamil Nadu)
185 Rote 119,908 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
186 Rhodes 119,830 (2011 Census)  Greece
187 Dordrecht 118,601 (2009)  Netherlands
188 Lembata 117,829 (2010 Census) [57]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
189 Ibiza 117,698 (2007 estimate)  Spain ( Balearic Islands)
190 Biak 112,873 (2010 Census) [104]  Indonesia ( Papua)
191 Nansha 112,151 (2010 Census) [87]  China (Guangdong)
192 Peleng 109,319 (2010 Census) [105]  Indonesia ( Central Sulawesi)
193 Bengkalis 108,700 (2010 Census) [106]  Indonesia ( Riau)
194 Saint Vincent 108,600 (2000)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
195 Fuerteventura 107,367 (2021)  Spain
196 Songzhou 106,274 (2010 Census) [87]  China (Guangdong)
197 Daishan 105,945 (2014 Census)[107]  China (Zhejiang)
198 Lantau Island 105,000 [108]  Hong Kong
199 Corfu 104,371 (2011 Census)  Greece
200 Jersey 104,200 (2016 estimate) [109]  Jersey (Crown Dependency of the  United Kingdom)
201 Aruba 103,484 (2006 estimate)  Aruba (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands)
202 Phu Quoc 103,000 (2012 Census)  Vietnam (Kien Giang)
203 Abadan Island[110] 100,000 + but exact population is unknown  Iran

Some peninsulas and other areas not usually regarded as islands[edit]

Comparative
ranking
Region Population Density
(/km²)
Country Notes
55 Peloponnese 1,100,071 (2011) 51.05  Greece Peninsula (connected to mainland by a narrow isthmus which is crossed by a canal)
66 Södertörn 797,334 (2015) 664.4  Sweden Peninsula (connected to mainland by a narrow isthmus which is crossed by a canal)
72 Delmarva 681,030 (2000) 48.21  United States Peninsula (connected to mainland by a narrow isthmus which is crossed by a canal)
76 Gimpo 657,000 (2021) 2096  South Korea Peninsula (connected to mainland by a narrow isthmus which is crossed by a canal)
101 Flevopolder 362,336 (2021) 373.54  Netherlands Artificial island
128 Cape Cod 210,000 (2010) 238  United States (Massachusetts) Peninsula (connected to mainland by isthmus which is crossed by a canal)
163 Songdo 188,213 (2021) 3000  South Korea (Incheon) Artificial island
193 Samosir 108,869 (2020) 2,507.44  Indonesia Peninsula within Lake Toba (connected to island of Sumatra by a narrow isthmus which is crossed by a canal)
200 Potonggang-guyok 105,180(2008) 14000  North Korea (Pyongyang) Artificial island between Pothong River and Pothonggang Canal

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Population calculated by adding the population of Richmond, British Columbia (216,288)[111] and Queensborough, New Westminster (8,727),[112] then subtracting the population of Sea Island (British Columbia) (814).[113]

References[edit]

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  14. ^ Composed of Greater Mumbai, Thane and Mira-Bhayandar
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  17. ^ Population of Cuba excluding Isla de la Juventud
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  74. ^ "Censo Nacional Guinea Ecuatorial" (PDF). guineaecuatorialpress.
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  109. ^ "Population estimates". Government of Jersey. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
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