List of countries by unemployment rate

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This is a list of countries by unemployment rate. Methods of calculation and presentation of unemployment rate vary from country to country. Some countries count insured unemployed only, some count those in receipt of welfare benefit only, some count the disabled and other permanently unemployable people, some countries count those who choose (and are financially able) not to work, supported by their spouses and caring for a family, some count students at college and so on. There may also be differences in the minimum requirements and some consider people employed even if only marginally associated with employment market (for example, working only one hour per week).[1]

There can be differences in the age limit. For example, Eurostat uses 15 to 74 years old when calculating unemployment rate, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics uses anyone 16 years of age or older (in both cases, people who are under education, retired, on maternity/paternity leave, prevented from working due to health, or do not work but have been inactive in seeking employment in the last four weeks are excluded from the workforce, and therefore not counted as unemployed).[2][3] Unemployment rates are often seasonally adjusted to avoid variations that depend on time of year.[2][3] Employment rate as a percentage of total population in working age is sometimes used instead of unemployment rate.

For purposes of comparison, harmonized values are published by International Labour Organization (ILO) and by OECD. The ILO harmonized unemployment rate refers to those who are currently not working but are willing and able to work for pay, currently available to work, and have actively searched for work. The OECD harmonized unemployment rate gives the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force. Most unemployment rates given in the table below are derived from national statistics and therefore not directly comparable.

List[edit]

* indicates "Unemployment in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Economy of COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country Unemployment
rate (%)
Source/date of
information
 Afghanistan * 11.2 [4] June 2020
 Albania * 11.9 [5] Q2 2020
 Algeria * 11.5 [4] 2020
 American Samoa * 18.0 [6] 2012
 Andorra * 3.7 [7] 2016
 Angola * 6.8 [4] 2020
 Anguilla * 7.8 [8] July 2013
 Antigua and Barbuda * 11.0 [7] 2014
 Argentina * 9.6 [9] Q2 2021
 Armenia * 17.5 [10] Q2 2020
 Aruba * 7.7 [11] 2016
 Australia * 7.1 [12] May 2020
 Austria * 5.7 [13] January 2021
 Azerbaijan * 6.0 [4] 2020
 Bahamas * 11.3 [4] 2020
 Bahrain * 0.8 [4] 2020
 Bangladesh * 4.2[a] [4] 2020
 Barbados * 10.9 [4] 2020
 Belarus * 4.6 [4] 2020
 Belgium * 5.3 [13] April 2021
 Belize * 6.4 [4] 2020
 Benin * 2.0 [4] 2020
 Bermuda * 7.0 [7] 2017
 Bhutan * 2.4 [4] 2020
 Bolivia * 3.5 [4] 2020
 Bosnia and Herzegovina * 18.4 [4] 2020
 Botswana * 18.7 [4] 2020
 Brazil * 13.9 [14] Q4 2020
 British Virgin Islands * 2.9 [7] 2015
 Brunei * 9.0 [4] 2020
 Bulgaria * 4.7 [13] April 2021
 Burkina Faso * 6.4 [4] 2020
 Burundi * 1.4 [4] 2020
 Cambodia * 0.7[b] [4] 2020
 Cameroon * 3.4 [4] 2020
 Canada * 6.9 [16] September 2021
 Cape Verde * 12.3 [4] 2020
 Cayman Islands * 3.5 [17] 2019
 Central African Republic * 3.7 [4] 2020
 Chad * 1.9 [4] 2020
 Chile * 10.4 [18] Q1 2021
 China * 5.3 [19] Q3 2020
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands * 6.7 [20] 2011
 Colombia * 14.2 [21] March 2021
 Comoros * 4.4 [4] 2020
 Congo * 9.3 [4] 2020
 DR Congo * 30.3 [4] 2020
 Cook Islands * 13.1 [7] 2005
 Costa Rica * 22.0 [22] Q3 2020
 Croatia * 7.5 [13] April 2021
 Cuba * 1.6 [4] 2020
 Cyprus * 9.4 [13] April 2021
 Czech Republic * 3.4 [13] April 2021
 Denmark * 5.7 [13] April 2021
 Djibouti * 10.3 [4] 2020
 Dominica * 23.0 [23] 2016
 Dominican Republic * 5.9 [4] 2020
 East Timor * 4.6 [4] 2020
 Ecuador * 4.9 [24] Q4 2019
 Egypt * 5.7 [25] 2020
 El Salvador * 4.2 [4] 2020
 Equatorial Guinea * 6.5 [4] 2020
 Eritrea * 5.2 [4] 2020
 Estonia * 6.8 [13] April 2021
 Eswatini * 22.0 [4] 2020
 Ethiopia * 2.1 [4] 2020
 EU * 7.3 [13] January 2021
 Faroe Islands * 1.5 [26] January 2021
 Fiji * 4.1 [4] 2020
 Finland * 8.4 [13] December 2020
 France * 7.3 [13] April 2021
 French Polynesia * 11.9 [4] 2020
 Gabon * 20.1 [4] 2020
 Gambia * 9.1 [4] 2020
 Georgia * 20.4 [27] Q4 2020
 Germany * 4.4 [13] April 2021
 Ghana * 4.5 [4] 2020
 Gibraltar * 1.0 [28] 2016
 Greece * 15.0 [13] June 2021
 Greenland * 6.8 [29] 2017
 Grenada * 24.0 [30] 2017
 Guam * 4.5 [7] 2017
 Guatemala * 2.5 [4] 2020
 Guernsey * 1.0 [31] Q2 2018
 Guinea * 4.3 [4] 2020
 Guinea-Bissau * 2.5 [4] 2020
 Guyana * 11.8 [4] 2020
 Haiti * 13.9 [4] 2020
 Honduras * 5.2 [4] 2020
 Hong Kong * 6.4 [32] October 2020
 Hungary * 4.9 [13] January 2021
 Iceland * 7.2 [13] January 2021
 India * 6.86 [33] Sep 2021
 Indonesia * 7.1 [34] Q3 2020
 Iran * 11.2 [4] 2020
 Iraq * 12.8 [4] 2020
 Ireland * 5.8 [13] April 2021
 Isle of Man * 1.9 [35] October 2020
 Israel * 4.7 [36] September 2020
 Italy * 10.7 [13] April 2021
 Ivory Coast * 3.4 [4] 2020
 Jamaica * 7.9 [4] 2020
 Japan * 2.9 [37] February 2021
 Jersey * 1.6 [38] March [39] 2020
 Jordan * 14.6 [4] 2020
 Kazakhstan * 5.0 [40] September 2020
 Kenya * 2.6 [4] 2020
 Kiribati * 30.6 [7] 2010
 Kosovo * 25.9 [41] Q4 2019
 Kuwait * 2.3 [4] 2020
 Kyrgyzstan * 6.6 [4] 2020
 Laos * 0.6 [4] 2020
 Latvia * 8.5 [13] January 2021
 Lebanon * 6.3 [4] 2020
 Lesotho * 22.8 [4] 2020
 Liberia * 2.7 [4] 2020
 Libya * 18.6 [4] 2020
 Liechtenstein * 1.5 [42] 2019
 Lithuania * 9.6 [13] January 2021
 Luxembourg * 6.5 [13] October 2020
 Macau * 2.5 [4] 2020
 Madagascar * 1.8 [4] 2020
 Malawi * 5.7 [4] 2020
 Malaysia * 4.6 [43] September 2020
 Maldives * 6.4 [4] 2020
 Mali * 7.3 [4] 2020
 Malta * 3.9 [13] October 2020
 Marshall Islands * 36.0 [7] 2006
 Mauritania * 9.6 [4] 2020
 Mauritius * 6.7 [4] 2020
 Mayotte * 30.0 [44] 2017
 Mexico * 3.8 [45] December 2020
 Micronesia * 16.2 [7] 2010
 Moldova * 4.2 [46] Q2 2020
 Monaco * 2.0 [7] 2012
 Mongolia * 5.9 [4] 2020
 Montenegro * 19.3 [47] October 2020
 Montserrat * 5.6 [7] 2017
 Morocco * 12.7 [48] Q3 2020
 Mozambique * 3.2 [4] 2020
 Myanmar * 1.7 [4] 2020
 Namibia * 20.6 [4] 2020
 Nauru * 23.0 [49] 2011
 Nepal * 1.5 [4] 2020
 Netherlands * 2.9 [50] Oktober 2021
 Netherlands Antilles 21.2 [51] April 2019
 New Caledonia * 12.8 [4] 2020
 New Zealand * 5.3 [52] Q3 2020
 Nicaragua * 7.4 [4] 2020
 Niger * 0.5 [4] 2020
 Nigeria * 33.3 [53] Q4 2020
 Niue * 10.7 [54] 2006
 North Korea * 2.7 [4] 2019
 North Macedonia * 17.1 [55] 2020
 Northern Mariana Islands * 11.2 [7] 2010
 Norway * 5.0 [56] November 2020
 Oman * 2.5 [4] 2020
 Pakistan * 4.4 [4] 2020
 Palau * 1.7 [7] 2015
 Palestine * 25.3 [57] 2019
 Panama * 3.8 [4] 2020
 Papua New Guinea * 2.5 [4] 2020
 Paraguay * 5.7 [58] Q4 2019
 Peru * 16.4 [59] October 2020
 Philippines * 10.0 [60] Q3 2020
 Poland * 3.1 [13] January 2021
 Portugal * 7.2 [13] January 2021
 Puerto Rico * 8.3 [61] October 2020
 Qatar * 0.1 [4] 2020
 Romania * 5.7 [13] April 2021
 Russia * 6.3 [62] September 2020
 Rwanda * 16.0 [63] August 2020
 Saint Helena * 14.0 [7] 1998
 Saint Kitts and Nevis * 5.1 [64] 2006
 Saint Lucia * 20.15 [65] 2020
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon * 8.7 [7] 2015
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * 18.8 [7] 2008
 Samoa * 8.4 [4] 2020
 San Marino * 8.0 [7] 2017
 São Tomé and Príncipe * 13.7 [4] 2020
 Saudi Arabia * 7.5 [66] Q2 2020
 Senegal * 6.7 [4] 2020
 Serbia * 7.3 [67] Q2 2020
 Sierra Leone * 4.4 [4] 2020
 Singapore * 3.6 [68] Q3 2020
 Slovakia * 7.0 [13] October 2020
 Slovenia * 4.9 [13] October 2020
 Somalia * 11.4 [4] 2020
 South Africa * 32.6 [69] Q1 2021
 South Korea * 4.2 [70] October 2020
 South Sudan * 12.3 [4] 2020
 Spain * 15.5 [13] April 2021
 Sri Lanka * 5.4 [71] Q2 2020
 Sudan * 16.6 [4] 2020
 Suriname * 7.5 [4] 2020
 Sweden * 8.9 [13] January 2021
 Switzerland * 5.1 [13] December 2020
 Syria * 8.4 [4] 2020
 Taiwan * 3.8 [72] September 2020
 Tajikistan * 11.0 [4] 2020
 Tanzania * 2.0 [4] 2020
 Thailand * 1.9 [73] August 2020
 Togo * 2.0 [4] 2020
 Tonga * 1.2 [4] 2020
 Trinidad and Tobago * 2.8 [4] 2020
 Tunisia * 16.2 [74] Q3 2020
 Turkey * 12.7 [75] October 2020
 Turkmenistan * 4.1 [4] 2020
 Uganda * 1.9 [4] 2020
 Ukraine *[c] 9.9 [76] Q2 2020
 United Arab Emirates * 2.4 [4] 2020
 United Kingdom * 4.7 [77] Q2 2021
 United States * 5.2 [78] February [79] 2021
 Uruguay * 11.1 [80] February 2021
 Uzbekistan * 8.9 [81] Q3 2019
 Vanuatu * 4.4 [4] 2020
 Venezuela * 9.4[d] [4] 2020
 Vietnam * 2.7 [83] Q2 2020
 U.S. Virgin Islands * 8.8 [4] 2020
 Wallis and Futuna * 8.8 [7] 2013
 Yemen * 12.8 [4] 2020
 Zambia * 11.4 [4] 2020
 Zimbabwe * 5.0 [4] 2020

OECD[edit]

* indicates "Economy of COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

OECD: Oct 2020 or latest available[84][85]
Country 15-24
year-olds
25-70
year-olds
Total
 Australia * 14.5 5.6 6.9
 Austria * 9.4 5.0 5.5
 Belgium * 18.3 4.2 5.2
 Canada * 18.8 7.3 8.9
 Chile * 27.3 10.8 12.0
 Colombia * 25.8 14.7 16.6
 Czech Republic * 8.1 2.5 2.8
 Denmark * 11.9 5.1 6.1
 Estonia * 20.9 6.9 8.0
Euro area (19 countries) 17.6 7.4 8.3
European Union (27 countries, 2020) 17.1 6.6 7.5
 Finland * 19.8 7.0 8.4
 France * 19.6 6.6 7.9
G7 12.8 5.6 6.5
 Germany * 6.0 4.4 4.5
 Greece * 39.3 15.8 16.8
 Hungary * 12.4 3.9 4.4
 Iceland * 10.7 4.7 5.6
 Ireland * 18.9 3.8 5.4
 Israel * 8.2 4.1 4.7
 Italy * 29.7 7.3 9.6
 Japan * 4.3 2.9 3.0
 South Korea * 10.9 3.8 4.2
 Latvia * 15.5 8.0 8.4
 Lithuania * 27.7 8.6 9.8
 Luxembourg * 23.1 5.4 6.7
 Mexico * 8.0 4.0 4.7
 Netherlands * 7.4 2.3 3.1
 Norway * 12.9 4.1 5.3
OECD - Total 14.6 6.3 7.3
 Poland * 8.7 2.7 3.1
 Portugal * 24.0 6.6 7.7
 Slovakia * 18.4 6.1 6.8
 Slovenia * 13.7 4.2 4.7
 Spain * 40.4 14.9 16.5
 Sweden * 24.9 7.1 9.0
 Turkey * 25.7 11.8 13.8
 United Kingdom * 13.6 3.1 4.3
 United States * 11.7 6.2 5.2

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External links[edit]