List of European countries by population

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European countries by population

This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.

The most populous European country is Russia, with a population of 146 million. Turkey straddles both Europe and Asia, and lies almost entirely in Asia, with most of its population in the intermediate[clarification needed] region; though within its small territory in Europe, a small amount of its population is situated.[1] Excluding Turkey, Germany is the second-most populous country in the continent.

Table[edit]

The ranking here is determined by the given populations, which are the latest available national figures. For some countries, these are estimates or somewhat out of date, so that the ranking of countries that are very close in population is approximate. The United Nations estimates are those published in the UN's World Population Prospects as of 2019,[2][3] which are based on censuses, population registers, surveys, and other statistics.[4]

  •   Transcontinental countries that straddle Europe and Asia.
  •   Transcontinental countries with overseas territories outside Europe.
  •   Countries entirely within Asia that may be considered European because of their political, cultural, and sporting ties with Europe.


* indicates "Demographics of COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country
(or territory)
UN estimate
(2018)[5][6]
National statistic Regional
grouping
Source
Estimate Date
 Russia * [Note 1] 145,734,038 146,171,015 1 Jan 2021 National annual estimate[7]
 Turkey * 82,340,088 83,614,362 31 Dec 2020 National annual estimate[8]
 Germany * 83,124,418 83,129,285 30 Jun 2021 National quarterly estimate[9]
 France * [Note 2] 64,990,511 67,505,000 1 Oct 2021 National monthly estimate[10]
 United Kingdom * [Note 3] 67,141,684 67,081,234 30 Jun 2020 National annual estimate[11]
 Italy * 60,627,291 59,097,904 31 Aug 2021 National monthly estimate[12]
 Spain * 46,692,858 47,394,223 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[13]
 Ukraine * [Note 4] 44,246,156 41,319,838 1 Oct 2021 National monthly estimate[14]
 Poland * 37,921,592 38,151,000 30 Sep 2021 National monthly estimate[15]
 Romania * 19,506,114 19,186,000 1 Jan 2021 National annual estimate[16]
 Kazakhstan * 18,319,618 19,009,600 1 Jul 2021 National estimate[17]
 Netherlands * 17,059,560 17,553,530 7 Oct 2021 EU National population clock[18]
 Belgium * 11,482,178 11,521,238 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[19]
 Greece * 10,522,246 10,718,565 1 Jan 2020 National estimate[20]
 Czech Republic * 10,665,677 10,702,942 30 Jun 2021 National quarterly estimate[21]
 Sweden * 9,971,638 10,435,447 30 Sep 2021 National monthly estimate[22]
 Portugal * 10,256,193 10,298,252 31 Dec 2020 National annual estimate[23]
 Azerbaijan * 9,949,537 10,139,196 1 Jul 2021 National estimate[24]
 Hungary * 9,707,499 9,730,772 1 Jan 2021 National annual estimate[25]
 Belarus * 9,452,617 9,349,600 1 Jan 2021 National quarterly estimate[26]
 Austria * 8,891,388 8,976,467 1 Oct 2021 Quarterly provisional figure[27]
 Switzerland * 8,525,611 8,696,088 30 Jun 2021 National provisional figure[28]
 Bulgaria * 7,051,608 6,916,548 31 Dec 2020 National estimate[29]
 Serbia * [Note 5] 8,802,754 6,871,547 1 Jan 2021 National annual estimate[30]
 Denmark * 5,752,126 6,123,532 1 Jul 2021 National quarterly estimate[31]
 Finland * 5,522,576 5,541,806 30 Jun 2021 Monthly national estimate[32]
 Slovakia * 5,453,014 5,459,781 31 Dec 2020 National estimate[33]
 Norway * 5,337,962 5,402,171 30 Jun 2021 National quarterly estimate[34]
 Ireland * 4,818,690 5,011,500 1 Apr 2021 National estimate[35]
 Croatia * 4,156,405 4,105,493 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[36]
 Georgia * [Note 6] 4,002,942 3,728,600 1 Jan 2021 National annual estimate[37]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina * 3,323,925 3,511,372 30 Jun 2016 National estimate[38]
 Armenia * 2,951,745 2,956,900 1 Jan 2018 National annual estimate[39]
 Albania * 2,882,740 2,829,741 1 Jan 2021 National annual estimate[40]
 Lithuania * 2,801,264 2,783,483 1 Jul 2021 Monthly national estimate[41]
 Moldova * 4,051,944 2,597,100 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[42]
 Slovenia * 2,077,837 2,108,977 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[43]
 North Macedonia * 2,082,957 2,068,808 31 Dec 2020 National estimate[44]
 Latvia * 1,928,459 1,893,223 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[45]
 Kosovo * [Note 7] 1,798,506 31 Dec 2017 National annual estimate[46]
 Estonia * 1,322,920 1,330,068 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[47]
 Cyprus * 1,189,265 864,200 31 Dec 2017 National annual estimate[48]
 Luxembourg * 604,245 634,730 1 Jan 2021 National estimate[49]
 Montenegro * 627,809 622,359 1 Jan 2018 National estimate[50]
 Malta * 514,564 514,564 31 Dec 2019 EU National estimate[51]
 Iceland * 336,713 371,580 30 Jun 2021 National quarterly estimate[52]
 Jersey * (UK) 105,500 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[53]
 Isle of Man * (UK) 84,077 83,314 24 Apr 2016 2016 census result[54]
 Andorra * 77,006 78,015 31 Dec 2020 National estimate[55]
 Guernsey * (UK) 62,063 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[56]
 Faroe Islands * (Denmark) 48,497 53,399 1 Jul 2021 Monthly national estimate[57]
 Liechtenstein * 37,910 39,062 31 Dec 2020 National semi annual estimate[58]
 Monaco * 38,682 38,350 31 Dec 2020 National annual estimate[59]
 Gibraltar * (UK) 33,718 33,573 31 Dec 2015 National estimate[60]
 San Marino * 33,785 33,599 31 May 2021 National monthly estimate[61]
 Åland Islands * (Finland) 30,129 31 Dec 2020 National estimate[62]
 Vatican City * 799 3 Jul 2019 National estimate[63]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Including the disputed territory of the Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol
  2. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France including overseas regions. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  3. ^ Including the constituent countries of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories and 3 Crown dependencies. Gibraltar, Jersey, the Isle of Man, and Guernsey shown separately below.
  4. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes the entire population of territory in the Donbas region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  5. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  6. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  7. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

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