Demographics of Asia

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Graph showing population by continent as a percentage of world population (1750 - 2005)

The continent of Asia covers 29.4% of the Earth's land area and has a population of around 4.69 billion (as of 2021),[1] accounting for about 60% of the world population. The combined population of both China and India are estimated to be over 2.8 billion people as of 2021. Asia's population is projected to grow to 5.26 billion by 2050, or about 54% of projected world population at that time.[2] Population growth in Asia was close to 1.2% p.a. as of 2015, with highly disparate rates. Many Western Asian countries have growth rates above 2% p.a., notably Pakistan at 2.4% p.a., while China has a growth rate below 0.5% p.a..

Population[edit]

History[edit]

Population of Asia, 1–1820 A.D. (million)[edit]

Source: Maddison et al.[3]

Year[3] 1 1000 1500 1600 1700 1820
China 59.6 59.0 103.0 160.0 138.0 381.0
India 75.0 75.0 110.0 135.0 165.0 209.0
Japan 3.0 7.5 15.4 18.5 27.0 31.0
Korea 1.6 3.9 8.0 10.0 12.2 13.8
Indonesia 2.8 5.2 10.7 11.7 13.1 17.9
Indochina 1.1 2.2 4.5 5.0 5.9 8.9
Other East Asia 5.9 9.8 14.4 16.9 19.8 23.6
Iran 4.0 4.5 4.0 5.0 5.0 6.6
Turkey 6.1 7.3 6.3 7.9 8.4 10.1
Other West Asia 15.1 8.5 7.5 8.5 7.4 8.5
Total Asia 174.2 182.9 283.8 378.5 401.8 710.4

Shares of World Population, Asia, 1–1998 A.D. (per cent of world total)[edit]

Source: Maddison et al.[3]

Year[3] 1 1000 1500 1600 1700 1820 1870 1913 1950 1973 1998
Japan 1.3 2.8 3.5 3.3 4.5 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.3 2.8 2.1
China 25.8 22.0 23.5 28.8 22.9 36.6 28.2 24.4 21.7 22.5 21.0
India 32.5 28.0 25.1 24.3 27.3 20.1 19.9 17.0 14.2 14.8 16.5
Other Asia 15.9 15.4 12.7 11.7 11.9 8.6 9.4 10.3 15.5 17.3 19.8
Total Asia (excluding Japan) 74.2 65.4 61.3 64.8 62.1 65.3 57.5 51.7 51.4 54.7 57.4
World 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Countries Ranking By International Organisations[edit]

               2019 List by the World Bank [4]

Countries Population TFR HDI
 China 1,433,783,686 1.7 0.761
 India 1,366,417,754 2.2 0.645
 Indonesia 270,625,568 2.3 0.718
 Pakistan 216,565,318 3.5 0.557
 Bangladesh 163,046,161 2.0 0.632
 Japan 126,860,301 1.4 0.919
 Philippines 108,116,615 2.5 0.718
 Vietnam 96,462,106 2.0 0.704
 Turkey 83,429,615 2.1 0.82
 Iran 82,913,906 2.1 0.783
 Thailand 69,037,513 1.5 0.777
 Myanmar 54,045,420 2.1 0.583
 South Korea 51,225,308 0.9 0.916
 Iraq 39,309,783 3.6 0.674
 Afghanistan 38,041,754 4.3 0.511
 Saudi Arabia 34,268,528 2.3 0.854
 Uzbekistan 32,981,716 2.8 0.72
 Malaysia 31,949,777 2.0 0.81
 Yemen 29,161,922 3.7 0.47
 Nepal 28,608,710 1.9 0.602
 North Korea 25,666,161 1.9 NA
 Sri Lanka 21,323,733 2.2 0.782
 Kazakhstan 18,551,427 2.9 0.825
 Syria 17,070,135 2.8 0.567
 Cambodia 16,486,542 2.5 0.594
 Jordan 10,101,694 3.0 0.729
 Azerbaijan 10,047,718 1.8 0.756
 United Arab Emirates 9,770,529 1.4 0.89
 Tajikistan 9,321,018 3.6 0.668
 Israel 8,519,377 3.0 0.919
 Hong Kong (China) 7,436,154 1.1 0.949
 Laos 7,169,455 2.6 0.613
 Lebanon 6,855,713 2.1 0.744
 Kyrgyzstan 6,415,850 3.3 0.697
 Turkmenistan 5,942,089 2.7 0.715
 Singapore 5,804,337 1.1 0.938
 Oman 4,974,986 2.8 0.813
 Kuwait 4,207,083 2.1 0.806
 Georgia 3,996,765 2.1 0.812
 Mongolia 3,225,167 2.9 0.737
 Armenia 2,957,731 1.8 0.776
 Qatar 2,832,067 1.8 0.848
 Bahrain 1,641,172 2 0.852
 East Timor 1,293,119 3.9 0.606
 Cyprus 1,179,551 1.3 0.887
 Bhutan 763,092 2.0 0.654
 Macau (China) 640,445 1.2 NA
 Maldives 530,953 1.8 0.74
 Brunei 433,285 1.8 0.838
Asia 4,572,008,809 2.1 0.703
Population Replacement 2.1

Economy[edit]

Economically, most of Asia is traditionally considered part of the Second World, with the significant exception of the industrialized First World countries of Israel, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea. Asian countries in the G-20 major economies include China, Japan, South Korea, India, Indonesia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Of these, Japan is also in the G8, and additionally China and India in the G8+5.

The Human Development Index of Asian countries range from Low to Very High category. The table below shows the 10 highest and lowest countries according to their Human Development Index scores based on the 2019 report.[5]

Ethnicities[edit]

The language families of Asia

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asia Population". Worldometer. Worldometer. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  2. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Archived from the original on 2018-01-24. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  3. ^ a b c d Maddison. "Growth of World Population, GDP and GDP Per Capita before 1820" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Fertility rate, total (births per woman) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Archived from the original on January 20, 2020.
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

External links[edit]