Alexander Schallenberg

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Alexander Schallenberg
Alexander Schallenberg (51029203647).jpg
Schallenberg in March 2021
Chancellor of Austria
Assumed office
11 October 2021
PresidentAlexander Van der Bellen
Vice ChancellorWerner Kogler
Preceded bySebastian Kurz
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
3 June 2019 – 11 October 2021
ChancellorBrigitte Bierlein
Sebastian Kurz
Preceded byKarin Kneissl
Succeeded byMichael Linhart
Minister of the Chancellery
In office
6 June 2019 – 7 January 2020
Serving with Ines Stilling
ChancellorBrigitte Bierlein
Preceded byGernot Blümel
Juliane Bogner-Strauß
Succeeded byChristine Aschbacher
Karoline Edtstadler
Susanne Raab
Personal details
Born (1969-06-20) 20 June 1969 (age 52)
Bern, Switzerland
Political partyPeople's Party (2020–present)
Other political
affiliations
Independent (before 2020)
Spouse(s)
Marie-Isabelle Hénin
(m. 1995)
(divorced)
Children4
FatherWolfgang Schallenberg
EducationUniversity of Vienna
Panthéon-Assas University
College of Europe

Alexander Schallenberg (born 20 June 1969) is an Austrian diplomat, jurist and politician serving as Chancellor of Austria since 11 October 2021. A member of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), he previously served as foreign minister in the second government of Sebastian Kurz.

A member of the Schallenberg family and a graduate of the College of Europe,[1] Schallenberg was a career diplomat who became a mentor to Kurz when the latter became foreign minister. Kurz appointed him director of strategic foreign policy planning and head of the European department.[2] Schallenberg joined the cabinet as foreign minister in 2019. After Kurz announced his pending resignation on 9 October 2021, Schallenberg was proposed by the ÖVP to replace him as Chancellor of Austria.[3] The Schallenberg government was sworn in on 11 October 2021.[4]

Background and family[edit]

Coat of arms of the Schallenberg family, who received the title of Count in 1666

A member of the comital branch of the Austro-Hungarian Schallenberg family,[5][1] Schallenberg was born in 1969 in Bern, Switzerland, where his father Wolfgang was Austrian ambassador to Switzerland.[6] His mother is a native of Switzerland, and the daughter of Swiss banker and president of UBS Alfred Schaefer.[1] Schallenberg was raised in India, Spain and France where his father served as ambassador; his father eventually became Secretary-General of the Foreign Ministry.[6] Schallenberg speaks German, French, English and Spanish fluently, and has basic knowledge of Russian.[7][8][9] He said in an interview that his given names are Alexander Georg Nicolas.[10] The Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels lists his given names as Alexander Georg Nicolas Christoph Wolfgang Tassilo.[11]

His paternal grandfather, Count Herbert Schallenberg (1901–1974), was Austrian counsul general in Prague,[12][13] while his paternal grandmother was the daughter of Walter Koch, the Saxon and later German ambassador in Prague. He is a 2nd great-grandson of Austro-Hungarian general Karl Kostersitz von Marenhorst. Schallenberg has mainly Swiss ancestry on his mother's side and Austrian, Bohemian, Moravian, Hungarian and Saxon ancestry on his father's side. Alexander Schallenberg's traditional title is count,[5] the hereditary title his family was conferred in 1666 within the Habsburg Hereditary Lands that encompassed multiple modern countries of Central Europe, and that was also recognized by Hungary.[a] He is the first chancellor since Kurt Schuschnigg and Prince Starhemberg to belong to a noble family.[14][15]

Marriage and children[edit]

Schallenberg married French–Belgian European civil servant and fellow graduate of the College of Europe Marie-Isabelle Hénin (b. 1969 in Uccle) in Saint-Pierre, France in 1995.[5] She is the daughter of Erik Hénin and noted equestrian and 1960s Parisian socialite Isabelle Le Maresquier, and a granddaughter of the prominent French architect Noël Le Maresquier and Spanish noblewoman Conchita López de Tejada; Isabelle Le Maresquier was a niece of French prime minister Michel Debré. Her family was discussed as an example of French "state nobility" by Pierre Bourdieu.[16]

Alexander and Marie-Isabelle Schallenberg have four children born in Brussels and Vienna including daughter Flavia and sons Tassilo, Nikolaus and Ferdinand.[17] They later divorced.[18]

Education and early career[edit]

From 1989 to 1994, he studied law at the University of Vienna and the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas. From 1995 to 1996 he earned an LL.M. in European law at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium,[19][20] an institution that aims "to train an elite of young executives for Europe"[21] and whose graduates are said to form a close-knit "Bruges Mafia."[22] Schallenberg was a graduate of the "Walter Hallstein promotion."[19]

In 1997 Schallenberg joined the Austrian diplomatic service.[23] From 2000 to 2005 he worked at the permanent representation of Austria to the European Union in Brussels, where he headed the legal department. In 2006 he became a press spokesman to Foreign Minister Ursula Plassnik, a fellow College of Europe graduate. When Sebastian Kurz became foreign minister Schallenberg was appointed as director of strategic foreign policy planning in 2013. Originally he was scheduled to become ambassador to India in 2014, but he chose to remain at the foreign ministry to work with the new foreign minister. Schallenberg was widely seen as a mentor to the inexperienced Kurz who knew little of foreign policy, who in turn promoted him to senior posts.[2] In 2016 Schallenberg became head of the European department of the foreign ministry.[24]

Political career[edit]

Schallenberg meets with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in Vienna on 14 August 2020.

On 3 June 2019, Schallenberg succeeded Karin Kneissl as foreign minister of Austria.[25] He maintained his position as part of the second Kurz cabinet, which was sworn in on 7 January 2020. He stepped down when he became chancellor.[26]

After attending an EU summit[27] at the Europa building in Luxembourg on 12 and 13 October 2020[28][29] with Sophie Wilmès, Schallenberg tested positive for coronavirus.[27]

Chancellor[edit]

After Kurz announced his pending resignation on 9 October 2021 as a result of the Kurz corruption probe, Schallenberg was proposed by the ÖVP to replace him as Chancellor of Austria.[3]

Schallenberg was sworn in as chancellor on 11 October 2021 by President Alexander Van der Bellen.[30] In his first official act he nominated career diplomat and ambassador to France Michael Linhart to succeed him as foreign minister.[31]

Honors[edit]

Other activities[edit]

Since 2020, Schallenberg has been a trustee of the National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism.[34]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The much smaller modern Republic of Austria that only encompasses a part of the Hereditary Lands does not recognize noble titles. In his country of birth, Switzerland, noble titles are often used socially, but have no special legal status. Hungary has no special regulation regarding noble titles; the same is true in the Czech Republic and several other modern successor countries of the Hereditary Lands.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Österreichs neuer Kanzler Alexander Schallenberg: Diplomat, Adliger und Kurz-Vertrauter mit Schweizer Wurzeln". Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Schiltz, Christoph B. (12 October 2021). "Der Lehrmeister übernimmt". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Sebastian Kurz "macht Platz" und zieht sich als Kanzler zurück". DER STANDARD (in German). Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  4. ^ "AVISO: Morgen, 13:00 Uhr: Ernennung und Angelobung von Bundeskanzler Alexander Schallenberg durch Bundespräsident Alexander Van der Bellen". ots.at (in German). 10 October 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Genealogisches Handbuch der gräflichen Häuser [Genealogical Handbook of the Comital Houses]. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels. XVIII/139. Limburg an der Lahn: C. A. Starke Verlag. 2006. p. 375. ISBN 3-798-00839-6.
  6. ^ a b "Das Spielfeld der Diplomatie ist die zweite Reihe" (in German). Oberösterreichische Nachrichten. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Aristokrat und Top-Diplomat". OE24. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Alexander Schallenberg: "Als Diplomat musst du neugierig sein!"". Politische Akademie (in German). Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Stehen wir jetzt besser da, Herr Schallenberg?". Kronen Zeitung (in German). 8 January 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  10. ^ So heißt Alexander Schallenberg wirklich. In: Heute.at, 16 October 2021.
  11. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Bd. XVIII/139. C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn 2006, S. 375. ISBN 3-798-00839-6.
  12. ^ "Die Geschichte der Österreichischen Botschaft in Prag und die Botschaftsgebäude". bmeia.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  13. ^ Jahrbuch der Vereinigung katholischer Edelleute in Österreich. Verlagsanstalt Tyrolia A.G., Innsbruck/Wien/München 1931.
  14. ^ "Der neue Kanzler: Schallenberg denkt meist so wie Kurz". Der Standard (in German). Retrieved 11 October 2021. Alexander (Graf) Schallenberg ist der erste Kanzler aus einer ehemals adeligen Familie seit Kurt Schuschnigg
  15. ^ Purger, Alexander (11 October 2021). "Der ehemalige Adel in der Politik und im Kanzleramt". Salzburger Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  16. ^ Bourdieu, Pierre (1998). The State Nobility: Elite Schools in the Field of Power. Stanford University Press. p. 293.
  17. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Bd. XVIII/139. C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn 2006, S. 375. ISBN 3-798-00839-6.
  18. ^ "Wer ist Alexander Schallenberg?". News.at (in German). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  19. ^ a b "Alexander SCHALLENBERG (Hallstein Promotion) — Austrian Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs, Culture and Media". College of Europe. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  20. ^ "Kneissl-Nachfolger – Karrierediplomat und Kurz-Vertrauter Schallenberg wird Außenminister". Kleine Zeitung (in German). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  21. ^ Henri Brugmans, "Former des cadres pour l'Europe" [Training executives for Europe], Fédération, January 1950, No. 60, pp. 42–44
  22. ^ Schnabel, Rockwell Anthony; Rocca, Francis X. (2005). The next superpower? The rise of Europe and its challenge to the United States. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-7425-4547-2.
  23. ^ "Austria gets new leader after Kurz quits amid corruption claims". BBC News. 11 October 2021.
  24. ^ Um 18:16, 2 March 2018 (2 March 2018). "Schallenberg leitet EU-Sektion im Kanzleramt". Die Presse.
  25. ^ "The Federal Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs". Foreign ministry of Austria. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  26. ^ Joly, Josephine (12 October 2021). "Alexander Schallenberg replaces Kurz as Austria's new chancellor". Euronews. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  27. ^ a b "Belgian Foreign Minister Sophie Wilmes in intensive care with COVID-19". Deutsche Welle. 22 October 2020.
  28. ^ "FOREIGN AFFAIRS COUNCIL Luxembourg, 12 October 2020" (PDF). European Council. 12 October 2020.
  29. ^ "GENERAL AFFAIRS COUNCIL Luxembourg, 13 Octobre 2020" (PDF). European Council. 13 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Schallenberg set to replace Kurz as Austria's chancellor". Euronews. 11 October 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  31. ^ "Austria's ambassador to France will be next foreign minister -spokeswoman". Reuters. 11 October 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  32. ^ "Ordensverleihung an den österreichischen Aussenminister". Lie:ZEIT. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  33. ^ "Schallenberg Dott. Alexander". Quirinale.it. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  34. ^ Board of Trustees National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism.

External links[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Minister of the Chancellery
2019–2020
Served alongside: Ines Stilling
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2019–2021
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Chancellor of Austria
2021–present
Incumbent